Toyota has expanded its family of digital crash test dummies to include a 153cm tall female and a 189cm male. The new THUMS (Total HUman Model for Safety) join a 179cm, average build male. Two versions of each dummy have been developed to deliver more detailed crash test results for vehicle occupants and pedestrians of varying sizes.
By creating models of various internal organs, including their positions, Toyota is able to develop a virtual human model containing 14 times more information than the previous version allowing better understanding of how damage is inflicted to internal organs during a collision.
Fiat’s two-cylinder TwinAir engine has taken the top prize in the 2011 Engine of the Year Awards. The 875cc unit marks only the second time a sub 1-litre engine has taken the award.
The engine was designed from a blank sheet of paper, with only a few screws carried over from the old FIRE engine and saw engineers at Fiat applying MultiAir technology to a two-cylinder engine that offers NVH of a four-cylinder. It also scooped the awards for best new engine, best green engine and best sub-1-litre engine.
Volvo is developing a system to detect, alerts and automatically brakes the car should a collision with an animal be imminent. The technology, due for launch in a few years’ time uses existing Pedestrian Detection systems fitted to the S60, V60, V70 and S80 model lines.
Volvo sees avoiding animals is a core part of its vision for 2020, that nobody should be killed or seriously injured in a new Volvo – more than 40,000 accidents involving wild animals are reported each year in Sweden alone. Engineers are monitoring the behavior of animals in order for the system to detect them and take appropriate action.